the Fatwa Department Research Committee - chaired by Sheikh `Abd al-Wahhâb al-Turayrî
We do not know of any country in the world without needy or poor people. Even in a wealthy country, a person who is poor and hungry is still poor and hungry.
However, if it difficult for you to distribute the food yourself, or you fear giving it to people who are not deserving, then you may appoint someone more experienced – like a charitable organization – to distribute the food on your behalf. You may even give that agency money to purchase the food or clothing on your behalf and then distribute it to the poor.
The quantity of food that must be given to each poor person is roughly 1.5 kilograms (1/2 sâ`) of food. The total would be roughly 15 kilograms of food in total. Clothing a person is what is sufficient for a person to wear to prayer.
You or your appointed agent may distribute this food or clothing in another country. At times, this may be the better option, especially when there is a famine or natural disaster somewhere in the world where people desperately need assistance.
On the other hand, it would not be good for the one expiating for the broken oath to decide to carry out that expiation in some poorer country as a means of saving money, since the cost of food in his or her own country – and consequently the cost of feeding the poor – is much higher than elsewhere.
And Allah knows best.
Source: Islam Today